Maintaining performance for prolonged periods can be tricky. As climbers, we often emerge from the gym at the start of the season packed full of power but unsure how to keep
it. The more you trade rock for plastic, the more you’ll discover that while your endurance and technique improve on real rock, strength and power
will diminish. This is particularly the case when doing a lot of onsighting, especially on trad. When you’re redpointing, after a few tries, the individual
moves will be too easy to allow you to maintain power. Even boulderers can find that climbing on real rock will result in a loss of raw pulling power—unless
you take steps to combat this seemingly inevitable depletion.
Part of the problem stems from the random nature of outdoor climbing, which can make it difficult to plan training. Additionally, toward the end of the
climbing season most dedicated climbers are perilously close to burning out and/or getting injured. It’s easy to underestimate how mentally and emotionally
exhausting it can be to continue to force yourself to climb hard. Many climbers find they just feel like resting as the season winds down.
When considering how to approach training in a way that allows you to maintain performance long term, the pertinent question becomes: How can I design
my midweek training and nutrition to enhance my outdoor climbing goals?
The main point of in-season training is to maximize the quality of midweek sessions and avoid doing anything that will place massive demands on recovery.Short
sessions with good rests between climbs and sets are the order of the day. Clearly, requirements will vary from climber to climber but most should
focus on strength. Sport and trad climbers should boulder or do hangboard and campus sessions. You can finish with a small amount of endurance, such
as a few circuits or laps on routes just to keep things topped up, but only if you feel there is a deficit to address. Boulderers are advised to go
for campus and hangboard sessions midweek or to use a steep woody or system board to maximize strength and power.
If you are trying a project (sport climbing or bouldering), the best approach for midweek training is to simulate the proj in your sessions. For example,
do replica boulder problems, or laps on routes that are a similar length and style, or foot-on campus laps for the same number of moves as your project.
(Note that toward the end of a major siege, you may detect that your body needs a change from your project as opposed to more of the same.)
Regarding microcycle (weekly) structure, if you climb on the weekend, two midweek sessions should be optimal for most. However, if you pushed hard on both
weekend days and plan to do the same the following weekend, then one midweek session is preferable. If you’re going for two sessions, the first option
is to choose Tuesday and Thursday, creating single rest days between training and climbing days, but in that case it’s vital to make Thursday’s session
very light. The other option is to train consecutively on Tuesday and Wednesday, leaving two rest days before the weekend. Experiment with both, but
the two-rest-day strategy will probably have greater benefit, especially if you do strength on Tuesday and light endurance on Wednesday.
Cycling your nutrition around your climbing is a key strategy for sustaining performance throughout the season. There are many possibilities here
and the precise formula will vary according to the goals of the individual; however, the main theme is to eat well for a day or two after a climbing
session to promote recovery, then eat lightly during the week until your next climbing day/s to maintain low body weight. You shouldn’t go for large
fluctuations by gorging yourself and then starving. Just eat normally for a day or two, and then restrict calories slightly. Another approach is to
monitor your diet on a Mesocycle (monthly cycle) and have a period of, say, two to four weeks where you train hard and eat well, followed by a sending
phase of similar length where you maintain a slightly lower weight. Repeat this process as required.
This strategy works well if you’re gearing up for a specific trip, but less well for the weekend climber. The modern approach for getting lean is to cut
down on complex carbohydrates and sugars and to eat protein-rich foods with plenty of green vegetables and salad combined with high-quality omega fats
from foods such as oily fish, avocados and nuts. For the days or periods when you’re eating for recovery, avoid highly refined carbs such as bread
or white pasta, and instead favor low-glycemic-index carb sources such as sweet potato and quinoa.
Make sure to get good sleep, especially toward the end of a long, demanding season. It’s also vital to keep up your antagonist exercises (push-ups
and reverse wrist curls or rubber-band extensions) at least twice a week to stave off injury. On the same note, consider getting a weekly sports massage
and doing yoga or stretching sessions.
This article was previously published in Rock and Ice issue 228 (August 2015).