Illustrations by Samantha Zimmerman
MOST CLIMBERS ARE FAMILIAR WITH THE CORDELETTE and the Quad (RI No. 237) for equalizing belay anchors. These are good systems, and you should carry one of them in your bag of tricks.
Nonetheless, you can unexpectedly find yourself having to build an anchor on an ice or alpine route, and out of slings and cord. Even on rock routes
you might have to fashion an impromptu belay from random gear at hand. Then what?
Then, you can use one of the following alternative equalization techniques.
[1-4] One of the cleanest forms of equalization is
to clip pieces of protection in a vertical series. Most cams have multiple clip- in points at varying heights. Cams with a thumb loop and sling, for
example, have four places you can clip to help you equalize the load. There are the thumb loop, the sling, the bottom carabiner, and finally, you can
clip both of the slings together. These multiple clip-in points let you place pro in a crack then adjust a piece up or down to equalize the anchor
with no extra gear. If both pieces are solid, you have an equalized anchor with a masterpoint. When you adjust one or both of the placements, take
care not to sacrifice the security of a placement to get better equalization. If you are compromising the placement to make this technique work, then
it isn’t the technique for the situation.
 One of my favorite variations
on this style of equalization is to place a nut and a cam in the same constriction. Typically the nut sits lower in the placement with the cam above
it. This often lets you easily equalize by clipping the cam sling and the wire and subtly moving the cam where needed. Depending on anticipated loads
and the quality of the placements, this technique can be used as the anchor or as one leg of an equalized anchor that uses a cordelette or Quad.
 Using this system of equalization often puts
all of your pieces in close proximity to each other. You must be certain that the rock is totally solid. If in doubt you can separate the two pieces
by extending the distance between them with a shoulder-length sling or even a quickdraw or two if needed. If you join two quickdraws, remove the top
carabiner on the bottom draw and clip the top draw through the empty pocket to avoid a carabiner-on-carabiner connection, which could twist and unclip.
 On ice, you can use the same system
by placing your first screw and then measuring two quickdraw lengths above it, marking that spot and placing a second, higher screw so when it is clipped
with a double or long alpine draw its bottom carabiner is level with the clipping hole on the lower ice screw.
Practice this and the other equalization methods, and you will learn to quickly see placements that will allow for this type of equalization. Be careful
while you are practicing an unfamiliar system, and take the time to get it just right. Better yet, get training from a solid mentor or certified guide.
Also read Climbing Anchors and the Evolution of the Quad
This article originally appeared in Rock and Ice issue 240 (February 2017).